At the first panel, we will look at the new vision of EU development based on clean energy and climate neutrality until 2050 from an expert perspective. What are the challenges facing the EU internally, and which in cooperation with economic partners? At the same time, we will open a discussion on climate and energy plans and the energy strategy of the Republic of Croatia.In the last ten years, the European Union has undergone a major internal transformation towards an energy sector that will enable a secure energy supply, a fully integrated EU internal market, energy efficiency and the decarbonisation of the economy. Since 2015, the EU has taken a leading role in the global climate struggle by ambitiously implementing the Paris Climate Agreement and the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 in European Union legislation. A year after the most complex legislative package since the creation of the European Union – the Energy Union – was completed, the new European Commission proposed the Green Deal to set a target of reducing net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% compared to 1990 to 2030. , significantly tightening the existing 40% agreed in 2014. It sounds almost unbelievable that just three months after the Commission’s proposal, Member States in the EU Council accepted the proposed reduction rate as an initial negotiating position with the European Parliament, which is expectedly more ambitious with its 60% emission reduction proposal.
The vision of the Green Agreement to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050 requires a development program for rapid adaptation of all sectors of the economy, industry, production and consumption, infrastructure, agriculture, tax policy, etc. In addition, this goal implies significant investments that will have to increase by about 350 billion a year. In the age of globalization, this turn will affect the surrounding countries and all economic partners of the EU, so that the EU does not remain alone in the implementation of climate policy. How will this turnaround affect EU industries, such as the chemical industry, iron and cement production? Will all member states be able to adapt to the new direction in EU energy policy, or will this path be more difficult for some, as some Eastern European members have already announced? What challenges can the EU expect in working with major economic powers when it comes to energy transition?